What are sports science?





What are sports science? Sports psychology and sports science began with Olympism (especially in athletics), interested in the improvement of performance and the development of exceptional human conditions. In order to investigate the human potential for sport, the basic sciences began to study components such as speed and the relationships of body and space from physics, caloric consumption and exhaustion from chemistry and basic conditions -minimum and necessary- for an athlete to perform at high performance from biology. The emphasis of the sports sciences fell on the study of the biotype (the neuromuscular and bone composition appropriate for a sport) and later, with biochemistry, biomechanics and physiology, the critical periods for the different sports were investigated as well as the system neuromuscular and cardiac from the physiology of effort. Later, with the development of neurosciences, the study of basic psychological processes (sensory capacity in sensation and perception, attention and concentration, tactical and technical abstraction) and the neurodevelopment of them was addressed, with In order to understand the neuromotor specialization and the mastery of the motor gestures of the athletes. In this last aspect, the analysis of psychomotricity-the patterns of movement and body posture, basically-is especially important. Sports Psychology. In psychology, the approach to sport began with experimental psychology (Dosil, 2004, Serrato, 2005, Weinberg and Gould, 1996) and then developed by applying psychological knowledge to sports in areas such as psychometrics and the differential psychology of sport. (individual differences in the fitness, intelligence and personality of the athletes). Subsequently, sports psychology began to develop its own conceptual models on topics such as motivation, stress, coping and emotional control and also proposed fundamental concepts such as competition. According to Dosil (2004), at present, the study of sport from psychology includes numerous sub-areas (social, educational, clinical) and specializations (psychobiology, psychopathology, developmental psychology, etc.) that are important for, for example , investigate elements such as the motor gesture and its domain (as well as the mental abilities required to do it) that will lead to the improvement of techniques to promote and improve it throughout the child development.